Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis, Vol 8, No 6 (2016)

Mechanical Properties of 3d Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

Deividas Mizeras (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Andžela Šešok (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Algirdas Vaclovas Valiulis (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Justinas Gargasas (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Irmantas Gedzevičius (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


One of the biggest challenges in modern tissue engineering is a creation 3D scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration. Until now, in order to restore bone defects are used various bone substitutes (autologous and allogeneic), however, their usage is limited because is required additional surgery, possible complications, also limited their use is associated with ethical point of view. In this work we aim to determine the mechanical properties of 3D printed PLA objects having various orientation woodpile microarchitectures. In this work we chose three different 3D microarchitectures: woodpile BCC (each layer consists of parallel logs which are rotated 90 deg every next layer), woodpile FCC (every layer is additionally shifted half of the period in respect to the previous parallel log layer) and a rotating woodpile 60 deg (each layer is rotated 60 deg in respect to the previous one). Compressive and bending tests were carried out with TIRAtest2300 universal testing machine. We found that 60 deg rotating woodpile geometry had the highest mechanical values which were approximately about 3 times higher than the BCC or FCC microstructures.

Article in: Lithuanian

Article published: 2017-01-18

Keyword(s): 3D microarchitecture; additive manufacturing; tissue engineering; scaffolds; mechanical properties; polylactic acid.

DOI: 10.3846/mla.2016.976

Full Text: PDF pdf

Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis ISSN 2029-2341, eISSN 2029-2252
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License.