Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis, Vol 9, No 4 (2017)

Biogas Production Experimental Research by Using Sewage Sludge Loading with Biochar Additive

Vitalij Kolodynskij (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Pranas Baltrėnas (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


Biogas – ecological fuel, which is assigned to alternative energy sources. It should be noted, that biogas – renewable energy source, which does not require any specific climatic conditions or geographical position of a country. This power source is available and can be successfully produced and used in all countries of the world. The main components of biogas – methane CH4 and carbon monoxide CO2. This gas is formed under anaerobic conditions, when microorganisms decompose biodegradable biomass. In biological sciences biomass means a living matter content, expressed in grams per unit area. Meanwhile, in the energy sector, the definition of biomass is limited and biomass is characterized as fuel source, produced from plant materials and organic waste (food waste, wood, sludge, manure, vegetables, etc.). Currently, to produce biogas from biomass, bioreactors are used worldwide. However, in order to increase the quality and yield of biogas, in the world practice various bioload additives are used: vegetable waste, clay minerals, and a large amount of the protein-containing waste. The goal – to evaluate the impact of biochar on biogas quality and yield using sewage sludge load. It was found, that 10% biochar additive increased average CH4 concentration of 7.9%, reduced the CO2 concentration of 3–4% and totally removed H2S from biogas.

Article in: Lithuanian

Article published: 2017-09-11

Keyword(s): bioreactor; biogas; bioloads additives; sewage sludge; biochar.

DOI: 10.3846/mla.2017.1062

Full Text: PDF pdf

Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis ISSN 2029-2341, eISSN 2029-2252
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License.