Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis, Vol 9, No 3 (2017)

The Study of Road Conditions that Affect Tilt-based Text Input for Mobile Devices

Darius Miniotas (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Andrius Katkevičius (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)
Darius Plonis (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


With the rapid advances in technology of mobile devices, their application areas expand continuously as well. Given the growth of the market share for mobile devices, one of the main issues that arise is the need for new and convenient techniques for data input and output suitable for various settings. Tilt-based text input is one of the alternatives that attract attention of current researchers. This study investigates the potential of using tilt-based interaction to enter text while sitting as a passenger in a moving vehicle. In addition, the investigation focused on the characteristics of the road as well as driving conditions that affect tilt-based text input. The study manipulated the following factors: keyboard size 10×4 and road unevenness (small, moderate, and large). 14 participants, aged 25 to 50, took part in the user study. The best performance and the shortest task completion time equal to 24.5 seconds was observed when the vehicle was moving at a constant speed on a straight road with small unevenness. The task completion time increased by 15% in moderate unevenness road and by almost 20 % in large unevenness road. Error rate and movement efficiency were investigated additionally in order to find out the cause of such times.

Article in: English

Article published: 2017-07-04

Keyword(s): mobile text input; tilt-input; keyboard size; road unevenness.

DOI: 10.3846/mla.2017.1038

Full Text: PDF pdf

Science – Future of Lithuania / Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis ISSN 2029-2341, eISSN 2029-2252
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License.